There are 16 names in this directory beginning with the letter B.
Sounds that an infant produces the first several months of life that consist mainly of consonant/vowel (CV) syllabic structures.
A means of word formation in which several sounds are removed from a word, that appear to be an affix however are actually part of the root. ex: 'babysit' is derived from 'babysitter' and 'edit' is derived from 'editor'
A psychological approach that asserts that learning and cognitive development are accomplished by through repeated exposure to external stimuli, which builds upon an otherwise 'blank slate'. For example, behaviorist theory contends that language acquisition occurs through observation, imitation and internalization of competent speakers' language use; This view contrasts with Universal Grammar.
Benefactive case marks a noun phrase that benefits from the action of the verb and is embedded in a prepositional phrase usually headed by the preposition 'for'. ex: Superman opend the door 'for' Lois.
A manner of articulation in which the lips come together to produce a sound. ex: In Standard English [p] [b] [m]
A term used to describe the contrast of features in sets of phonemes. In English, /t/ and /d/ are in bilateral opposition, since these are the only phones in the phonemic inventory that are [alveolar, plosive] and only contrast in voicing.
The process by which a child acquires two languages simultaneously or sequentially, generally before puberty and is equally proficient in both.
A means of word formation, in which syllables from two or more words are joined together. ex: motel from 'motor' and 'hotel'
A term most commonly referring to a process in language acquisition in which a child applies existing linguistic knowledge to learning new language forms. ex: knowing the transitive features of a verb will aid the child in creating sentence structures.
borrowed word or borrowings
When a word from one language becomes part of another language. ex: 'pizza' from Italian into English.
This term refers to the processing of language beginning with the smallest components to larger, e.g., phonemes to phrases.
Affixes and certain roots that cannot stand on their own and must be attached to another morpheme. Examples in Standard English include suffixes such as 'un' in 'uncertain' and roots such as 'cran' in 'cranberry.'
The antecedent of these pronouns must be clearly mentioned in any discourse and can be co-indexed. Reflexive pronouns are generally bound in English. Harriet loves herself.
This is a type of phonation in which the vocal chords are held slightly more apart than in normal speech so that more air escapes. English speakers sometimes produce this sound when producing [h] inbetween two vowels ex: 'rehab.' In some languages such as Hindi, the feature 'breathy voice' is contrastive. The diacritic symbol used for breathy voice is [ɦ].
A semantic change in which the precise meaning of a word changes over time and develops a broader meaning. ex: 'dog' (was once a specific breed) now means 'canine' (a broader term).