There are 11 names in this directory beginning with the letter O.
Sociolinguists strive to observe 'unobserved' or natural speech (the vernacular). However to do so requires observation in natural settings, not artificial ones. As soon as an individual is aware of being observed, the setting becomes 'unnatural.'
A class of sounds in which airflow is somehow obstructed during production. ex: stops, fricatives
The principle which states ""Entities should not be multiplied unnecessarily." formulated by the 14th century logician and Franciscan monk, William of Occam.
A part of lexicology, which starts from a concept (i.e. an idea, an object, a quality, an activity, etc.) and then asks for its names. Thus, an onomasiological question would be, "What are the names for long, narrow pieces of potato that are deep-fried?" (The Answer: French Fries in the US, Chips in the UK, etc.) The opposite approach is known as semasiology.
A lexical class of words to which new words can be added. ex: nouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs
A term first formulated in the Prague School of Phonology (Nikolai Trubetzkoy) which is used to describe phonetic contrasts in sets of phonemes. The four main types ofopposition are: 1. bilateral/multilateral 2. proportional/isolated 3. privative/gradual/equipollent 4. constant/neutralisable (See terms for more detailed explanations.)
A sound produced when airflow in the oral cavity is completely cut off during a point of production. ex: [t] [p] [k]