These articles cover various areas of statistical models that have been developed to better understand linguistic processes.
Head-Driven Statistical Models for Natural Language Parsing. Collins (2003)
Wide-coverage efficient statistical parsing with CCG and log-linear models. Clark and Curran (2007)
Experiments in Domain Adaptation for Statistical Machine Translation. Koehn and Schroeder (2007)
Probabilistic models of language processing and acquisition. Chater and Manning (2006)
Corpus linguistics and naive discriminative learning. Baayen (2011)